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Urology is a surgical specialty that focuses on normal and abnormal problems of the kidney, renal, pelvis, ureter, bladder, urethra, penis, and vagina in both boys and girls. Urogenital or genitourinary (GU) are words that refer to the urinary and genital organs.

Picture of a young boy feeding himself from his highchair

Nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with the kidneys.

Many diseases of the GU system in children are present when a child is born. This poses unique challenges that are vastly different from adults with kidney disease.

The GU system is complex and involves many systems in the body. A child with aGU disorder may need a number of specialists to help in his or her care.

These specialists may be involved in your child's care: pediatric nephrologist; pediatric urologist; pediatrician; pediatric surgeons; transplant surgeons; perinatologist; geneticists; pediatric radiologist; neurodevelopmental specialists; nutritionists; social workers; psychologists; and pediatric nurses.

Online Medical Reviewer: Bass, Pat F III, MD, MPH
Online Medical Reviewer: Berry, Judith, PhD, APRN
Date Last Reviewed: 4/5/2014
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