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Orthopedics is the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis, care, and treatment of diseases, disorders, injuries, and other conditions of the musculoskeletal system. The musculoskeletal system consists of the body's bones, joints, muscles, tendons, ligaments, skin, and nerves.

Picture of a physical therapist in an exercise room

Pediatric orthopedics specializes in the management and treatment of musculoskeletal conditions that only affect children from birth through adolescence. Children are not just small adults, and they require special care to address their needs as they grow and develop.

These health care professionals also provide comprehensive orthopedic services in the treatment and care of congenital and hereditary disorders, growth-related problems, inflammatory and infectious problems, fractures, sports-related injuries, and multisystem trauma cases.

Online Medical Reviewer: Bass, Pat F. III, MD, MPH
Online Medical Reviewer: MMI board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Date Last Reviewed: 4/2/2014
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