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Amino Acids
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Alanine

Other name(s):

a-alanine, a-amino-propionic acid, b-alanine, b-amino-propionic acid

Unsubstantiated claims

Please note that this section reports on claims that have NOT yet been substantiated through scientific studies.

Alanine may be beneficial in treating diabetes because it aids glucose metabolism and helps prevent hypoglycemia (a deficiency of sugar in the blood).

Recommended intake

Amino acids (AAs) are available as individual AAs or in proprietary AA combinations, as well as part of multivitamin formulas, proteins, and food supplements. The forms include tablets, fluids, and powders. Adequate protein in the diet, however, should provide a sufficient source of all amino acids.

There are no conditions that increase the requirements for alanine.

Side effects, toxicity, and interactions

The use of a single amino acid supplement may lead to negative nitrogen balance, decreasing the metabolic efficiency and increasing the workload of the kidneys. In children, taking single amino acid supplements may also harmfully affect growth parameters.

Always avoid taking individual amino acids in high dosages for prolonged periods of time.

Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should not use alanine supplements.

Additional information

Alanine has a formula of C3H7NO2 and a molecular weight of 89.09.

Click here for a list of reputable websites with general information on nutrition.

 

Online Medical Reviewer: Poulson, Brittany, RD
Date Last Reviewed: 1/26/2013
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