Each breast has 15 to 20 sections (lobes), which are arranged like the petals of a daisy. Each lobe has many smaller lobules, which end in dozens of tiny bulbs that can produce milk....more
The female pelvic area contains a number of organs and structures: the endometrium, uterus, ovaries, cervix, vagina, and vulva....more
Some breast changes or conditions are related to a young woman's menstrual cycle, but others may occur at any time. Most breast conditions are benign....more
Amenorrhea is a menstrual condition in which a woman's menstrual periods are absent for more than three monthly cycles. Pregnancy is one possible cause of amenorrhea....more
Acne is a disorder of the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Hair follicles are the areas around the base or root of each hair. Sebaceous glands are the tiny glands that release oil (sebum) into the hair follicles. The sebum moistens the skin and hair. The sebum and hair get to the skin surface through tiny holes called pores.
Depression is a mood disorder that involves a adolescent's body, mood, and thoughts. It can affect and disrupt eating, sleeping, or thinking patterns....more
Teen girls who are athletes face unique obstacles when it comes to their bodies and how well they perform....more
Active women are at least twice as likely to suffer serious knee injuries as men, but it's not just athletes who are at risk....more
A woman is generally most fertile (able to become pregnant) a few days before, during, and after ovulation....more
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of emotional and physical symptoms many women have in the days before their period starts. Lifestyle changes and sometimes medicines can help manage symptoms.
A Pap test is a way for your doctor to examine cells collected from the cervix for infection, inflammation, or cancer....more
The tissue that lines the uterus is called the endometrium. Normally, if a woman doesn’t get pregnant, this tissue is shed each month during her period. In endometriosis, tissue that looks and acts like endometrial tissue implants outside the uterus.This can cause pain, heavy periods, and infertility.
You have a lot of options when it comes to birth control. Some methods don't require a doctor's visit, but others, like oral contraceptives, are available only by prescription....more
Vasectomy is a permanent male birth control measure and a means of contraception used in many parts of the world....more
Infertility is a problem of the reproductive system. It impairs the body's ability to reproduce. It could be caused by a problem with the man’s system, the woman’s system, or both.
Age, chronic diseases, and endometriosis are common factors for women. For men, they are STDs, toxic substances at work, and cigarette smoking....more
You need about 300 extra calories a day after the first trimester to maintain a healthy pregnancy. These calories should come from a balanced diet of protein, fruits, vegetables, and whole-grains....more
Getting enough folic acid can reduce the risk for neural tube defects (NTDs) and may also reduce the risk for other serious birth defects of the brain and spinal cord. ...more
The signs of pregnancy vary from woman to woman, but the most obvious sign usually is a missed period....more
First, determine the first day of your last menstrual period. Next, count back 3 calendar months and add 1 year and 7 days to that date....more
Definitions of terms related to the anatomy of a fetus in utero....more
A healthy first trimester is crucial to the normal development of your baby. You may not be showing much on the outside, but inside, all the major body organs and systems of the fetus are forming....more
Managing headaches is especially tricky in the first trimester when you should avoid many medicines. ...more
Many hormone levels are affected in the body during pregnancy, with several hormones playing major roles....more
Amniocentesis is a procedure used to take out a small sample of the amniotic fluid for testing....more
Cesarean section or C-section is the surgical delivery of a baby through a cut (incision) made in the mother's abdomen and uterus. ...more
Perimenopause is the time around menopause when your body begins to change. You become less fertile and hormone levels fluctuate.
In addition to regulating the menstrual cycle, estrogen affects the reproductive tract, the urinary tract, the heart and blood vessels, bones, breasts, skin, hair, mucous membranes, pelvic muscles, and the brain....more